Red Cross offers babies for adoption

BLACK-market babies are readily available at the Cambodian Red Cross Health

Center and other Phnom Penh hospitals, according to Khmer facilitators brokering

adoptions for foreigners.

"To get a baby from orphanage centers is more

costly than from the Red Cross Health Center or the Municipal Hospital," said a

facilitator who refused to be named.

He said his clients prefer babies

from the hospitals because it had become difficult to find HIV-free babies at

state orphanages.

Though getting a baby from the hospitals is less

expensive, it is not free.

"We had to give money to those who looked

after the babies. Some people on the maternity staff gave away babies in

exchange for a little money. Others wanted to sell babies to us, but we did not


He said one client gave a new mother, who had just delivered at the

Red Cross Health Center, a $350 "donation" for her baby.

The Cambodian

Red Cross is headed by Bun Rany, wife of Prime Minister Hun Sen.


1997 the facilitator has been assisting foreigners with "independent" adoptions

- a less expensive alternative to the American agencies which typically charge

clients $11,500 to adopt from Cambodia

The facilitator said once a baby

was found, the clients had to bribe Red Cross staff to obtain the infant's birth


"To take a baby from the hospital we had to get its birth

certificate and pay about $200 to the Red Cross Health Center's maternity

department Director."

The Director of the department, Chhun Heng, told

the Post she knew little about foreigners wanting to adopt babies from the

hospital, and she denied ever demanding fees for birth certificates.


have learned that sometimes mothers abandoned their babies at the entrance door

of the hospital, but I am not sure of this information," she said.


the interview with Heng, it took the Post only a few minutes to find a worker at

the Red Cross brokering babies.

"We've just acquired an abandoned baby a

couple days ago. The mother abandoned her baby here because she is very, very

poor. Do you want a boy or girl," asked the worker.

"The baby is so

dear. If you want, I can get her for you immediately. I gave the birth mother

$100. It is up to you how much you give me in exchange for the baby.


you don't get the baby now, some one will get the baby tomorrow, or the day

after tomorrow," she said.

After finding a baby, the facilitator's

clients would pay more bribes to obtain false papers from Phnom Penh's Nutrition

Center certifying the baby as an orphan.

"They had to spend a few hundred

dollars to get the letter saying that the baby was coming from the Nutrition

Center," he said.

The Director of the Nutrition Center, Mrs Sovanna, said

she could not answer any questions unless she had approval from the Ministry of

Social Affairs (MoSA).

"All I dare say is that the information you have

heard is not true. I cannot say anything more than this."

The Post

contacted another facilitator who assists in independent adoptions and he

confirmed that bribe money must be paid to both the Cambodian Red Cross Health

Center's maternity department Director and the Director of the Nutrition Center

for the papers.

The Nutrition Center, funded by the French NGO Aspeca,

was established in 1980 to care for abandoned babies or orphans. Sovanna has

been the Director there for eight years. Of the 110 babies now at the center 41

are HIV-positive and 62 are disabled.

After the clients had a baby, a

birth certificate and false orphan papers, they would then go to MoSA to get

Government permission to adopt.

The facilitator said the Director of

MoSA's Adoption Bureau, Chem Sun Heng, interviewed the parents and examined

their documents and financial records.

"The parents had to pay $450 to

the Adoption Bureau for the paperwork fee. I learned that to get a baby, the

parents spent thousands of dollars more with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and

the Council of Ministers," said the facilitator who helped his clients only as

far as MoSA.

"I believe that it is corruption money. Whenever they run

the paperwork, they want a commission from the parents," he said.


Heng refused a Post request for an interview.

But a source at MoSA, who

spoke to the Post on the condition of anonymity, said any money given to the

Adoption Bureau is simply a "donation" and the parents are given receipts. These

donation funds are used to buy office supplies for the ministry, as well as

provide "gifts" of food and medicine to orphanages.

The MoSA source said

the Government has no official adoption fees, nevertheless American adoption

agencies contacted by the Post charge their clients $5,500 for "legal adoption

fees" in Cambodia.

Neither the Government nor the agencies will say which

ministries receive these fees.

On June 15 international adoptions from

Cambodia were suspended by Prime Minister Hun Sen till reforms were made to the


The MoSA source said irregularities in Cambodia's adoption

procedures are being addressed and the suspension is expected to be lifted soon.

American agencies are telling their clients that adoptions from Cambodia will

resume in a few weeks.

Directives have been sent to orphanages across

Cambodia stating that brokers looking for children in the countryside, or who

falsify documents saying that a baby was abandoned by the mother, shall be

arrested on charges of child trafficking.

MoSA officials simply

dismissed allegations presented by the Post that staff at the Red Cross Health

Center and the Nutrition Center are involved in trafficking.

The source

said if a new draft adoption subdecree is approved by the Council of Ministers,

American agencies and facilitators will not be allowed to operate in Cambodia.

Instead, adoptive parents will be forced to handle all the paperwork


The subdecree - drafted by staff from the Council of

Ministers, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Interior Ministry and MoSA -

will soon be debated by an interministerial meeting at the Council of


The source said there will be a minimum, official "donation

fee" that will have to be paid directly into a Government bank account by the

adoptive parents - but they will be free to pay more.

This account will

be available to the above-mentioned ministries so that they can cover their

administrative costs.

He said the Government plans to set a two-week time

limit for each ministry to examine the adoption applications, which will

probably mean a two-month stay in Cambodia for adoptive parents.