Myanmar’s military coup creates banking woes

Content image - Phnom Penh Post
Police advance towards protesters demonstrating against the military coup in Yangon on Monday. AFP

Early bird customers of a military-owned bank queued anxiously as dawn light crept over Yangon, after a strict new limit on daily cash withdrawals fuelled rumours of a money shortage in post-coup Myanmar.

Myawaddy Bank is among scores of military-controlled businesses in Myanmar facing boycott pressures since the generals ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi from power on February 1.

Nationwide protests have called for employees – including bank workers – to skip work, seizing up a banking sector heavily dominated by the military and its cronies ahead of the monthly payday this Friday, February 26.

For those in need of cash, it does not help that no clear information has been released.

In commercial hub Yangon, private banks remain mostly closed, government banks seem partly open, and getting cash from ATMs appears to be a touch-and-go endeavour.

The uncertainty has fuelled worries of cash shortages, said Tun Naing, a 43-year-old businessman who has queued up daily for the past week to withdraw six million Myanmar kyat – or about $4,500 – from his Myawaddy bank account.

He said: “Because of rumours about this bank, I came to withdraw my money.”

Despite being the sixth-biggest domestic bank in Myanmar, Myawaddy is only allowing 200 customers per branch to make withdrawals limited to 500,000 kyat a day – about $370.

Getting a spot in the morning is key, with “some people staying at nearby hotels to queue early for tokens”, Tun Naing said.

Others are not so lucky.

Retired teacher Myint Myint has been queueing every day for a week but still has not been able to make a withdrawal.

The 64-year-old said: “I’m really fed up . . . They should announce through [state-run media] that our money is okay . . . Although my savings are not much, I’m worrying because of rumours.”

Despite the irregular opening schedules of banks across Yangon, a notice in state-run newspaper New Light of Myanmar claimed that daily services were still being provided.

“People are requested to take part in this process for ensuring economic stability of the country,” read the Central Bank notice.

‘Elevated political risk’

While the risk of cash shortages in the country is high, the timeframe is unpredictable, said Myanmar-born international business expert Htwe Htwe Thein from Australia’s Curtin University.

She said: “In the past under the previous military government, they had been known to print money and that of course hyped up inflation.”

The pre-coup Myanmar economy was already facing severe economic headwinds from the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown measures.

And the situation is expected to get worse because of a civil disobedience movement that has government employees boycotting work.

The generals have already been hit with sanctions by the US, Britain, Canada and the EU, and the larger economy is also at risk of suffering reputational damage and a decline in foreign direct investment.

International credit ratings agency Fitch swiftly revised the country’s growth estimates for most of 2021 down from 5.6 per cent to two per cent on the day of the coup, citing “elevated political risks”.