Vietnam trying to get US export licence for avocados

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Vietnam is in the process of getting an export licence for avocados to the US. CONG THUONG INDUSTRY AND TRADE MAGAZINE/VIET NAM NEWS

Vietnam is in the process of getting a licence to export avocado to the US, according to the Vietnam Trade Office in the US.

The Vietnam Trade Office’s branch in the US’ San Francisco said avocados are mainly sold at big supermarkets with large volumes, so they must meet the high requirements of the US market.


Avocado distribution companies must be responsible for controlling the stages of a supply chain, from production to distribution, while exporters need to have sufficient quality certificates.

To enter the US market, avocados must meet the minimum requirements of the regulations on maturity, colour and weight. Avocados must be intact, clean and without insects.

Therefore, small-scale exporters often face many difficulties in accessing this market due to lack of experience or linkage with supply chains. In addition, the process of transporting avocados from farms to the market is a huge challenge.

It said Vietnam currently has many avocado varieties with harvest time across almost the whole year. However, the value of Vietnamese avocado is still low due to limitations in production, including limitations of applying science and technology for production, fragmented production scale, and lack of branding and geographical indications.

Therefore, to export avocados to the US, Vietnam must require exporters ensure they have quality certificates, establish trust with partners in the supply chain by strong commitment on quality and information transparency in implementing export contracts.

If Vietnam’s farmers have qualified production as well as suitable investment and market approaches for avocados, they can gain high turnover from exporting this kind of fruit to a difficult market like the US, the office said.


According to a US survey on avocado consumption, the US last year spent $2.35 billion to import 1.04 million tonnes of avocados. About 51 per cent of households in the US consume avocados with average spending of $24.5 each year, the office reported.

Avocado trees are planted in certain geographical regions. China and Thailand are major exporters of agricultural products but avocado trees are not suitable for planting. Avocado trees are popular in Vietnam and it has the potential to supply this kind of fruit to the US.

Before that, Vietnam spent 10 years to get a licence for exporting mangoes to the US, reported Vietnam News Agency.

Avocado growing countries include Mexico, Indonesia, Spain, Brazil, Peru, Chile, South Africa and some other South American countries.

In Vietnam, avocado trees are now grown in many provinces and cities, but concentrated in the Central Highlands region with a total area of 8,000ha.

Dak Lak province – which borders Mondulkiri province’s northern Koh Nhek district in Cambodia – is the largest producer in Vietnam with a total area of more than 4,300ha.

Following are Dak Nong province – across the border from Mondulkiri’s southeastern O’Raing district – with an area of nearly 2,600ha, Lam Dong province and Gia Lai province – which borders Cambodia’s Andong Meas and O’Yadav districts in Ratanakkiri province.

In recent years, the Central Highlands avocados have been available in markets and supermarkets in Vietnam and also exported to China.