The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries on August 20 is cooperated with CP Cambodia to host a workshop on knowledge and prevention of African Swine Fever at Sofitel Phnom Penh Phokeethra.
The event is organised to promote and prevent the epidemic of African Swine Fever, which is highly praised by Dr. Suon Sothoeun, Deputy Director Department of Animal Health and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, professor Roongroje Thanawongnuwech, Faculty of Veterinary Science of Chulalongkorn University, Srun Pov, president of the Cambodian Pig Raising Association, farm owners, farmers who collaborate with the CP Cambodia.
African Swine Fever have been spread pandemic and occurred on pigs that are a problem for people who eat pork, especially pigs in Asian countries, and other countries, and the epidemic will be badly affected on economic and social sectors.
The virus is found on both pigs and wild pigs, where are loaded and infected by pigs and by entering the area from one place to another which can be said that 90 percent of the infected animals die without a vaccine.
According to Dr. Suon Sothoeun, Deputy Director Department of Animal Health and Production of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries said, “The disease is an acute pandemic that is resistant to the environment in the waste manure, dresses, vehicles. For example, China has been transmitted from one place to another.”
“We are a member of the International organization, we are involved in sharing information on all animal health issues, which can identify disease and measures to publicize the general population and control the problems that occur on animals. It’s time, and we’ve been working with organizations to talk about the prevention of African Swine Fever,” said Dr. Sothoeun.
“The Kingdom of Cambodia has no case of epidemic of African Swine Fever, but even if it does not, we have prevented the disease first, with the cooperation of the private sector and our ministry,” he said.
“The problem today that we can face is the problem of importing meat from abroad, which is the easiest to infect, so let the ministry issue a proper certificate before importing it, and To promote farmers in raising livestock to meet the domestic market demand,” said Srun Pov, president of the Cambodian Pig Raising Association.
Due to the epidemic of African Swine Fever, the disease is spread around the environment, which can be spread through: (1) mucus, eye saliva, urine, and pig’s shit with disease (2) breathing in the air; (3) eating food contaminated with kitchen waste; (4) wild pig is also a transmitted agent, but it does not show any symptoms and (5) vehicle, clothes or infected devices.
Dr. Roongroje Thanawongnuwech, professor of Faculty of Veterinary Science at Chulalongkorn University, said, “The best way in term of prevention the disease to stop in to the country, when we say, it is very easy but in term of technical management, it is very difficult. Human being is the one who bring the disease in to the country. For example, if the Chinese people travel and bring meat product, and left-over food in, the pig will get infected.”
“So, the Cambodian government and Swine industry need to prevent by expecting of product entry in order to stop bringing some meat products from the contaminated countries or the countries that already has the products with African Swine Fever,” he said.
For the management, if you found out the disease, you need to find out sooner in order to stop the disease, not to spread in the country. Professor said, “I think the government need to be prepared and asked for the network to teasing the product for protection because we don’t have African Swine Fever in the Asian countries yet.”
The disease should be noted: pig with high fever, red skin, rash, and bruising on the ears, belly, and legs following difficulty breathing, metabolism, gastrointestinal bleeding, swollen blood, miscarriage or the baby dies suddenly, the pig can die suddenly without any symptoms.
Therefore, the management and protection of the virus include: following the farm biodiversity when entering farms, washing clothes, shampooing, changing clothes, shoes and dyeing, antiseptics, law enforcement, farm access, no pork trading, or importing pork without a clear source, clean the farm by spraying the deadly germs, pouring out into the farm to avoid importing pork food products into the farm and avoid feeding pigs kitchen waste.
If pigs infected, this will kill many pigs (may have a 100% mortality rate), which has not yet been vaccinated and treated, but it is a non-communicable disease.