US President Joe Biden’s administration hinted on October 13 that it could resort to force if diplomacy fails on Iran’s nuclear programme, rallying more closely than ever behind warnings by Israel.
Amid a standstill in negotiations with Iran, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken voiced growing frustration as he held three-way talks with the top diplomats of Israel and the UAE, US allies that established relations last year amid shared alarm about Tehran.
Blinken renewed Biden’s offer to re-enter a 2015 nuclear agreement, rubbished by former president Donald Trump, in which Iran drastically scaled back nuclear activity in return for unfulfilled promises of sanctions relief.
“We continue to believe that diplomacy is the most effective way,” the top US diplomat told a joint news conference. “But it takes two to engage in diplomacy and we have not seen from Iran a willingness to do that at this point.”
“We are prepared to turn to other options if Iran doesn’t change course,” he warned.
He did not elaborate, but Israeli foreign minister Yair Lapid, without being contradicted, said of Blinken’s comments: “I think everybody understands – here in Israel and in the Emirates and in Tehran – what it is that we mean.”
Lapid was more explicit, saying that both he and Blinken, as sons of Holocaust survivors, “know there are moments when nations must use force to protect the world from evil”.
“If a terror regime is going to acquire a nuclear weapon, we must act. We must make clear the civilised world won’t allow it,” Lapid said. “Israel reserves the right to act at any given moment in any way. That is not only our right, it is also our responsibility.”
Enrique Mora, the EU envoy in charge of reviving the troubled deal, planned to visit Iranian capital Tehran on October 14. He tweeted that he will “raise the urgency” of resuming talks.
The Biden administration held six rounds of indirect negotiations with Iran, with Mora shuttling between the two sides in hotels across Austrian capital Vienna, but talks broke off in June as ultraconservative Ebrahim Raisi took over as Iran’s president.
“We feel like coming back would still be the best outcome, but we’re realistic,” the US negotiator on Iran, Rob Malley, said at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “We know that there’s at least a good possibility that Iran is going to choose a different path, and we need to coordinate with Israel and with our other partners in the region.”
After taking part in the talks with Israel and the UAE, Malley said he would head in the coming days to the UAE, as well as Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
France, one of three Western powers that remain in the nuclear accord, on October 13 joined the growing criticism of Iran.
“Through its statements and actions, the new administration of President Raisi is sowing doubts on its intention to return” to the deal, a French foreign ministry spokesperson said.
Iran has said repeatedly that it is ready to resume talks “soon”, but no date has been announced.
Iran denies it is seeking a nuclear weapon, which the clerical state argues is religiously forbidden.
But Tehran believes it needs to defend itself in a hostile neighbourhood, with memories still vivid of the brutal 1980-1988 war launched by Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein with backing from the West.
An attack on Iran is likely to be only a very last resort for Biden, who ended the war in Afghanistan with vows to shift away from military solutions.
But Israel has already been engaged in a shadow war with Iran, targeting its military sites in ally Syria and carrying out a sabotage campaign inside Iran against its nuclear programme.
Israel has also rejoiced at a breakthrough with Arab states, normalising ties in quick succession last year with the UAE, Bahrain and Morocco in a signature achievement for Trump and then-Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
In one point of continuity with Trump, Blinken promised to work to “expand the circle of countries” that have ties with Israel.
Lapid, a centrist who cobbled together a coalition to oust the veteran right-winger Netanyahu, has kept many of his priorities but promised a more collaborative approach with Washington, mindful of the backlash after Netanyahu openly campaigned against former president Barack Obama’s Iran diplomacy.